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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

a lasting and rightful understanding between Poland and Russia." And
if he had resigned from the Ministry in 1941^ it was " merely because of
the difference of opinion regarding the manner of expression and the
formulation of the most important points in the Polish-Russian Agree-
ment." He emphasised thatce all Poles ought to be extremely indignant
in the face of such unheard of claims, which the Soviets were one-sidedly
endeavouring to deduce from the concluded Pact, reaching out their hands
for Polish territories, for Polish rights, and for the citizens, who ought to
have been released long ago from the prisons and labour camps and
allowed to leave the U.S.S.R."
The Soviet Note of March i, publicly claiming half Poland, did very
little to ease the minds of the Poles, particularly the soldiers in the Polish
Army in the Middle East. General Anders, the Commander of that
Army, in his Order of the Day on March 4, found it imperative to express
his own and his soldiers' opinion ;
" The Soviet statement published by the official Press agency, denies
Poland her sovereign rights to her Eastern provinces. The Soviet Union
is thereby clearly stating that she wishes to retain that half of Poland
occupied by her in 1939, as a result of her agreement with Germany. In
addition, the Soviet Union is accusing the Polish Government, which was
in power until September, 1939, of conducting a pro-German policy with
the aim of opposing Poland against the U.S.S.R.
*c Soldiers ! In this period of crisis, I, your Commander, and the man
who has shared with the majority of you the bitterness of prison fare, and
the heavy destiny of slavery, who, together with you, has shed his blood
defending the entirety of our territories; who, through all the vagaries of
life, is united with you, as with none other in life and death, I call upon you
to remain calm. Remember that upon our attitude, upon the character of
our actions depends, to a certain extent, the future of Poland.
ccAt the same time I hereby declare :
Cf(l). No Polish Government has ever negotiated with Germany against
Soviet Russia. On the contrary, it was the Soviet Union whoa by their Pact
concluded with the Reich, just before this war, was able to attack us in the
rear, making Poland's further resistance impossible.
"(2). Poland, who was the first to challenge the German invader and
who is paying by the greatest of sacrifices ^ the Poland, from whom had
never emerged any group willing to collaborate with Germany, will never
agree to the loss of any portion of her land, drenched in the blood of her
people, and this one-sided statement of the Soviets by no means closes the
question.
"(3), In spite of our argument with the Soviet Union, we shall con-
tinue to fight against our common foe, Germany, side by side with our
Allies, until the final victory and the liberation of our country. Have
confidence in the future, believe in Providence and in the historic justice
of our cause!
cc Long live a free and independent Poland and her towns of Lw6w and
Wilno,!"
Such was the position when, on April I25 the German News Agency,
B.NJB.,, published a communique claiming that the German military
authorities had discovered the mass graves of about ten thousand Polish
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